Hummingbird Migration

In spring, the exiting annual North American hummingbird migration begins! These gorgeous birds travel from their winter homes in South or Central America and Mexico towards the refreshing breezes in the north.

When will the hummingbirds arrive?

An easy way to estimate the Spring migration arrival dates in your area.

Below is a table of the estimated Spring migration arrivals by state. We compiled this data taken from our visitors sightings from previous years.


See the List of Hummingbird Sightings for 2014 to follow the hummingbird migration.


Please Post Your Hummingbird Migration Sightings!

Link to Spring 2014 Migration Page

We recommend hanging your feeders 2 weeks before the estimated time of arrival just in case they show up earlier.

If you have seen hummingbirds in your state earlier than these dates please let us know by contacting us.


Estimated Spring Arrival Dates by State

LOCATION DATE
Alabama 2nd Week of March
Alaska 1st Week of April
Arizona 1st Week of March
Arkansas 3rd Week of April
California 2nd Week of April
Colorado 2nd Week of April
Connecticut 4th Week of April
Delaware 3rd Week of April
Florida 1st Week of March
Georgia 3rd Week of March
Idaho 4th Week of April
Illinois 4th Week of March
Indiana 1st Week of April
Iowa 4th Week of April
Kansas 2nd Week of April
Kentucky 2nd Week of March
Louisiana 1st Week of March
Maine 4th Week of April
Maryland 3rd Week of March
Massachusetts 4th Week of April
Michigan 1st Week of May
Minnesota 1st Week of May
Mississippi 3rd Week of March
Missouri 3rd Week of March
Montana 4th Week of April
LOCATION DATE
Nebraska 4th Week of April
Nevada 1st Week of May
New Hampshire 1st Week of May
New Jersey 4th Week of April
New Mexico 1st Week of April
New York 4th Week of April
North Carolina 3rd Week of March
North Dakota 2nd Week of May
Ohio 3rd Week of March
Oklahoma 1st Week of April
Oregon 2nd Week of March
Pennsylvania 3rd Week of April
Rhode Island 3rd Week of April
South Carolina 3rd Week of March
South Dakota 1st Week of May
Tennessee 1st Week of April
Texas 1st Week of March
Utah 4th Week of March
Vermont 1st Week of May
Virginia 1st Week of April
Washington 2nd Week of March
West Virginia 3rd Week of April
Wisconsin 1st Week of May
Wyoming 1st Week of May

This is also the time when nature lovers begin to put their feeders out. When to hang hummingbird feeders will vary according to the state you live in and the species you will see.
For example, the Costa's hummingbird of Southern California and other southwestern states begin to arrive in late February.
On the other hand, the Ruby-throated hummingbird, the most predominate of the eastern states may not arrive in the northern states and Canada until May.

It is true that most hummingbirds fly north in the spring and south in the winter to complete the hummingbird migration. There are exceptions such as the Anna’s hummingbird. This hummingbird species may not leave the United States at all but migrate simply to lower elevations in the spring and higher elevations in the summer. It is a matter of food supply and climate. Another example of a deviation to the typical hummingbird migration Spring to Autumn schedule is the desert breeding Costa's hummingbird of Arizona that leave for a few short months but return in December to nest.

 You can keep track of their journey by using our interactive map and our list of sightings. It can be fun to report to others your first sightings and keep a record for yourself from year to year.

Enjoying one last Summer Party of 2012 on our back porch before her trip south for the Winter!

Margarita Hummingbird on our back porch.

It is a good idea to put up your feeders a few weeks ahead of the expected arrival. If you happen to be on a hummingbird migration route, a hungry traveler might enjoy the meal and possibly even stay. Your regular hummingbirds will expect to return to their normal routine once they arrive. Are your feeders in good working order? Some may have cracked or broken from the elements over the course of last summer. Begin early and check for problems. Perhaps, you might like to put up more feeders and have more hummingbirds this year. We hope you will take a look at our store for a selection of all types of feeders. We carry basic feeders, tray feeders, window feeders, decorative feeders, feeder parts and accessories. You might even enjoy providing the birds with some hummingbird nesting material.

When do hummingbirds migrate?

Just as hummingbird migration routes are in flux, so is the timing. Of course there may be slight variations in the timing of migration from one year to the next. This change is dependent on food sources and weather. Bigger changes are being documented by scientists. It has been studied that the Ruby-throated hummingbirds are arriving days to weeks early in recent years. They are also taking more days to complete a migration journey. It is believed that the abundance of family gardens and hummingbird feeders along the way allow for this change. Male hummingbirds always arrive about two weeks before the females.

Where do they travel?

Hummingbird migration routes vary from species to species. The most famous migration is the Ruby-throated because this remarkable bird travels from Central America and Mexico, crosses the Gulf of Mexico none-stop and continues as far north as eastern Canada. It should be noted that this route would be dangerous in the Fall because of a significant chance of missing the Yucatan Peninsula. For this reason southbound Ruby-throated hummingbirds follow the Gulf Coast through Louisiana and Texas.

Migration routes are not fixed but continue to evolve. The Rufous hummingbird is known to have the longest migration route. Typically a Rufous flies north along the Pacific Coast from Mexico through California to their breeding grounds as far north as northern Canada and Alaska. They return south through the Rocky Mountains. Nonetheless, more recently there have been many sighting of Rufous hummingbirds expanding their migration route by crossing southern Canada from west to east and continuing south along the Atlantic coastline sometimes wintering in the southern Unites States.

As we have said, most hummingbirds migrate but an increasing number of western hummingbirds are being spotted and banded in winter. It is no longer unusual for someone to see an Allen’s or a Rufous hummingbird overwintering in Maryland, Alabama and even Pennsylvania. Could our changing climate be responsible or something else? People often worry about the safety of these vagrant hummingbirds during a winter cold snap and should call the local Audubon Society for information.

How do hummingbirds complete this amazing feat?

A common myth about hummingbird migration is that they migrate on the backs of geese. Like other myths, this explanation was probably invented to solve a mystery. How could such tiny birds migrate those tremendous distances? Possibly, people who truly loved hummingbirds were looking for a softer and easier journey for their precious little friends.

The truth is that hummingbirds do make the arduous migration journey on their own. Wouldn’t you be even more impressed to hear that they actually travel alone and not in flocks? I was!  Yet, here is the genius of nature. When flying alone these tiny birds become almost invisible to predators. Unlike geese, hummingbirds fly low, not much higher than rooftops and the  treetops, in search of food along the way.

How fast does a hummingbird fly?

The distance a hummingbird flies in one day is determined by the species, terrain, wind velocity, and food sources along the way. The average hummingbird flies 25 miles per hour. A Ruby-throated hummingbird flies across the Gulf of Mexico none-stop using the wind to their advantage, increasing their speed and shortening the time it takes to cross over the water. Hummingbird banders have shown that this journey across the Gulf generally takes about 20 hours. So just think about it. This tiny bird flies non-stop for 20 hours across the water. How can they accomplish this incredible feat when we consider their food requirements? After all, can’t a hummingbird starve without food within several hours? The answer lies in anatomy. A hummingbird bulks up for weeks before migration. Here is another reason to keep those feeders up for a couple weeks beyond the very last hummingbird visit . Hummingbirds can store up to half their total body weight as fat for the purpose of migration. I had wondered if they fly throughout the night. The answer is yes, hummingbirds fly throughout the night when making the trip across the Gulf. Wow!! That is hummingbird migration, one of nature’s truest miracles.


Please fill out the form below.....

to share "your sightings of 2013".

We, who are anxiously awaiting the Spring arrivals, will be able to track the hummingbird migration through your posts.


See our past years maps and sightings to help estimate the arrival of the hummingbirds in your area. 
Spring Migration Map 2013
Spring Migration Map 2012 
Spring Migration Map 2011


For me, it's a glorious day and Spring starts
............................. when the Hummers arrive!


Please fill out the form below to share "your sightings of 2013".
We, who are anxiously awaiting the Spring arrivals, will be able to track them through your posts.

Migration Observations

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